My interest encompasses all aspects of the academic life including patient care, research, education, and University services. My NIH sponsored research focuses on mechanisms that mediate the development of fibrotic lung disease. In particular, my laboratory has contributed to this field with the development of mouse models of pulmonary fibrosis and the concept that bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are fundamental contributors to the repair of the injured lung. Our research initiatives identified the capacity of MSCs to home to the injured lung and regulate innate immunity by producing the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL1 Receptor antagonist. We are currently exploring the clinical use of MSC derived extracellular vesicles to protect right ventricular function during pulmonary hypertension in lung fibrosis.
My patient care activities are intimately related to my basic science research and concentrate in the management (including lung transplantation) of patients afflicted with acute lung injury (ALI) and Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD). I conduct these activities at the Simmons’ Center for ILD at the Division of Pulmonary Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. The center, which is the result of a generous gift from the Simmons Family, provides me, as a founding member, with a well-staffed infrastructure where I exert my leadership in research on lung inflammation and fibrosis, into promoting the translation of my basic science discoveries to new treatments for patients with these lung disorders. Consequently, my current clinical efforts are oriented at translating the safety and efficacy of MSCs in patients experiencing ALI or subjects afflicted by idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) whose course is complicated by arterial hypertension and right ventricular dysfunction and for whom lung transplantation is not an option.
My research focuses on mechanisms of lung injury that lead to the development of lung fibrosis. In particular, my laboratory has contributed to this field with the development of mouse models of pulmonary fibrosis (silica and bleomycin) and most recently with the concept that bone marrow derived Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are fundamental contributors to the repair of the injured lung. Similarly, my laboratory has characterized the epidemiology of environmentally induced lung disease. Since my arrival to Pittsburgh, I established alliances with grass root organizations to initiate registries and form cohort of subjects exposed to dust (mostly miners) to characterize the impact of pneumoconiosis in the communities of Western Pennsylvania. Subsequently, I contributed to the literature with studies of the prevalence and outcome of silica exposed individuals, and their response to lung transplantation.
Most recent efforts have concentrated in translating these preclinical observations. To that effect I have interacted with Dr. Michael Matthay, an eminent clinical investigator in the field of acute lung injury, to test the efficacy of MSC in subjects afflicted by Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). These interactions lead Dr. Matthay to designate the University of Pittsburgh as one of the four sites for his START clinical trial, in which we conducted a phase 2a randomized clinical trial to test the safety of well characterized primary human MSCs, manufactured by Dr. David McKenna at the NHLBI-sponsored PACT program at the University of Minnesota, in subjects with ARDS requiring mechanical ventilation in whom a 40 percent mortality was expected. We reported that the administration of these cells in such population of subjects was safe (PMID:30455077).
Taking advantage of the experienced we gained during the development of the START trial and in response to the NHLBI Early Phase Clinical Trials for Therapeutics and Diagnostics we assembled a multidisciplinary team of researchers from five U.S. academic centers with expertise in MSC biology, translational research, lung disease, epidemiology, Current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) regulations and manufacturing, and human clinical trial designto establish a Progenitor Cell Translational Consortium to test the safety, tolerability, and potential benefit of non-HLA-matched allogeneic bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in subjects afflicted by IPF. The Overall hypothesis to be tested by the consortium is that the repeated intravenous administration (two doses separated by a month) of MSC can be accomplished safely in subjects afflicted by IPF. This intervention will modify the gene expression and inflammatory activity of alveolar macrophages (AM) and epithelial cells in the distal lung, and mononuclear cells in peripheral circulation slowing the rate of decline of the forced vital capacity (FVC) and preventing the development of acute exacerbation in IPF.
1976 | Instituto Jorge Robledo, Medellin, Colombia | BS
1983 | Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin,Colombia | MD
1984-1987 | Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Colombia | Resident in Internal Medicine
1987-1990 | Tulane Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana | Resident in Internal Medicine
1990-1993 | University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas | Fellow
1991-1993 | Department of Biochemistry (John Olson’s Laboratory), Rice University, Houston, Texas | Post Doctoral Student
This academic year I will be predominantly involved in teaching stem cell biology and consequently will contribute lectures in the Stem Cell Biology Course (3740) for the multidisciplinary program under direction of Paul Monga, MD.
Michael A. Matthay, MD, Carolyn S. Calfee, MD, MAS,Hanjing Zhuo, MD, MPH, B. Taylor Thompson, MD, Jenny G. Wilson, MD, Joseph E. Levitt, MD, MAS, Jeffrey E. Gotts, MD, PhD, Angela J. Rogers, MD, MPH, Jeanine P. Wiener-Kronish, MD, Ednan Bajwa, MD, Michael P. Donahoe, MD, Bryan McVerry, MD,Luis A. Ortiz, MD, Matthew Exline, MD, John W. Christman, MD, Dave Mckenna, MD, and Kathleen D. Liu, MD, PhD. Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Treatment of Moderate to Severe ARDS (START): A Randomized Phase 2a Safety Trial. Lancet Respir Med. 2018 Nov 16. pii: S2213-2600(18)30418-1. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(18)30418-1. [Epub ahead of print]PMID:30455077
Liu Q, Dwyer GK, Zhao Y, Li H, Mathews LR, Chakka AB, Chandran UR, Demetris JA, Alcorn JF, Robinson KM, Luis A. Ortiz, MD, Pitt B, Thomson AW, Fan MH, Billiar TR, Turnquist HR. IL-33 mediated IL-13 secretion by ST2+ Treg controls inflammation after lung injury. JCI Insight. 2019 Feb 19. pii: 123919. doi: 10.1172/jci.insight.123919. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID:30779711
Minimal information for studies of extracellular vesicles 2018 (MISEV2018): a position statement of the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles and update of the MISEV2014 guidelines. J Extracell Vesicles. 2018 Nov 23;7(1):1535750. doi: 10.1080/20013078.2018.1535750. PMID: 30637094; PMCID: PMC6322352.
Bamberg A, Redente EF, Groshong SD, Tuder RM, Cool CD, Keith RC, Edelman BL, Black BP, Cosgrove GP, Wynes MW, Curran-Everett D, De Langhe S,Luis A. Ortiz, MD, Thorburn A, Riches DWH. Protein thyrosine phosphatase-N13 (PTPN13) promotes myofibrobalsts resistance to apoptosis in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 May 4. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201707-1497OC. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID:29727583
Zhou, Y., Horowitz, J.C., Naba A., Ambalavanan N., Atabai, K., Balestrini, J., Bitterman, P., Corley, R.A., Bi-Sen Ding, B-S., Engler A.J., Hansen, K.C., Hagood, J.S., Kheradmand, F., Lin, Q.S., Neptune, E., Niklason, L.,Luis A. Ortiz, MD, Parks, W.C., Tschumperlin, D.J., White, E.S., Chapman, H.A., and Thannickal, V.J. Extracellular Matrix in Lung Development, Homeostasis and Disease. Matrix Biol. 2018 Mar 8. pii: S0945-053X(17)30434-1. doi: 10.1016/j.matbio.2018.03.005. [Epub ahead of print] Review. PMID: 29524630
Mischler S.E., Cauda E.G., Di Giuseppe, M., McWilliams L.J., St. Croix, C., Su. M., Franks, J., and Luis A. Ortiz, MD. Differential activation of RAW 264.7 macrophages by size-segregated crystalline silica. J Occup Med Toxicol. 2016 Dec 15;11:57. doi: 10.1186/s12995-016-0145-2. PMID: 28018477
Boregowda SV., Krishnappa V., Haga CL.,Luis A. Ortiz, MD.,and D.G. Phinney. A clinical Indications Prediction Scale based on TWIST1for Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells. EBioMedicine. 2015 Dec 24;4:62-73. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2015.12.020. eCollection 2016 Feb. PMID: 26981553
Phinney D.G., DiGiuseppe M., Njah J., Sala-Llinas E., DeLuliis, G., Kaminski N., Shiva S., St. Croix C.M. Stolz D.B., Watkins S.C., Di P.Y., Leikauf GD., Kolls J., Riches DWH., McKenna D., and Luis A. Ortiz, MD.Mesenchymal stem cells use extracellular vesicles to outsource mitophagy and shuttle microRNAs. Nat Commun. 2015 Oct 7;6:8472. doi: 10.1038/ncomms 9472. PMID: 26442449.