Vincent C. Arena

  • Associate Professor Emeritus

My primary research focuses on the understanding of the epidemiology and etiology of juvenile onset diabetes, the evaluation of health risk effects from outdoor air pollution, the characterization of lifestyle risk factors and their effect on physical activity levels and health-related outcomes, and the epidemiology of physical activity. Secondary interests include the epidemiology of risk factors related to the development of ALS and autism. Some of these collaborations have led to the investigation and development of statistical methodology for studying air pollution health risks and for the assessment of health outcomes related to physical activity.


University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA | PhD in Biostatistics
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA | MS Hyg. in Biostatistics
SUNY at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY | BS in Biology



Bios 2011: Introduction to Statistical Reasoning
Biost 2093:  SAS for Data Management and Analysis

Selected Publications
  • Kramer MK, Agee SC, Miller RG, Arena VC, Vanderwood KK, Eaglehouse YL, Venditti EM, Kriska AM. Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program Lifestyle intervention to the military setting. Military Medicine. 2022 Mar 2:usac037. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usac037. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35234887.
  • Kriska AM, Devaraj SM, Kramer MK, Napoleone JM, Rockette-Wagner B, Eaglehouse Y, Arena VC,  Miller RG. The likely underestimated impact of lifestyle intervention: Examples from diabetes prevention program-based community efforts. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2022 Jan 11:S0749-3797(21)00597-3. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2021.10.019. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35031174.
  • Devaraj SM, Napoleone JM, Miller RG, Rockette-Wagner B, Arena VC, Mitchell-Miland C, Saad MB, Kriska AM. The role of Socio-demographic factors on goal achievement in a community-based diabetes prevention program behavioral lifestyle intervention. BMC Public Health. 2021 Oct 2;21(1):1783. doi: 10.1186/s12889-021-11844-z. PMID: 34600527.
  • Devaraj SM, Rockette-Wagner B, Miller RG, Arena VC, Napoleone JM, Conroy MB, Kriska AM. The impact of a yearlong Diabetes Prevention Program-based lifestyle intervention on cardiovascular health metrics. Journal of Primary Care and Community Health. 2021. PMID: 34236004.
  • Napoleone JM, Miller RG, Devaraj SM, Rockette-Wagner B, Arena VC, Venditti EM, Kramer K, Strotmeyer ES, Kriska AM. Impact of Maintenance Session Attendance and Early Weight Loss Goal Achievement on Weight Loss Success in a Community-Based Diabetes Prevention Program Intervention. Sci Diabetes Self Manag Care. 2021 Jun 25. PMID: 34167389.
  • Krall JS, Kanter JE, Arena VC, Ruppert KM, Solano FX, Siminerio LM. Effect of a primary care-based diabetes education model on provider referrals and patient participation. The Science of Diabetes Self-Management and Care. 47(1)74-84.
  • Rockette-Wagner B, Miller RG, Eaglehouse YL, Arena VC, Kramer MK, Kriska AM. Leisure Sedentary Behavior Levels and Meeting Program Goals in a Community Lifestyle Intervention for Diabetes Prevention. J Phys Act Health. 2020 Dec 22;:1-8. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 33361473.
  • Venditti EM, Marcus MD, Miller RG, Arena VC, Greenspan SL, Rockette-Wagner B. Group Lifestyle Phone Maintenance for Weight, Health and Physical Function in Adults Ages 65-80 Years: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2020 Sep 12. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32918078.
  • Schafer GL, Songer TJ, Arena VC, Kramer MK, Miller RG, Kriska AM. Participant food and activity costs in a translational Diabetes Prevention Program. Transl Behav Med. 2020 Apr 16. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32298445.
  • Zupa MF, Arena VC, Johnson PA, Thearle MB, Siminerio LM. A Coordinated Population Health Approach to Diabetes Education in Primary Care. Diabetes Educ. 2019 Dec;45(6):580-585. Epub 2019 Oct 3. PubMed PMID: 31578931.
  • Williams KV, Cristaldi CL, Miller RG, Arena VC, Libman I, Huang Y, Becker DJ, Orchard TJ. Celiac Autoimmunity Is Associated With Lower Blood Pressure and Renal Risk in Type 1 Diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Oct 1;103(10):3828-3836. PMID: 30099548. doi: 10.1210/jc.2018-00908.
  • Long, AE, Wilson IV, Becker DJ, Libman IM, Arena VC, Wong FS, Steck AK, Rewers MJ, Yu L, Achenbach P, Casas R, Ludvigsson J, Williams AJK, Gillespie KM. Characteristics of slow progression to diabetes in multiple islet autoantibody-positive individuals from five longitudinal cohorts: the SNAIL study. Diabetologia. PMID: 29532109.  DOI:10.1007/s00125-018-4591-5.
  • Kramer MK, Vanderwood KK, Arena VC, Miller RG, Meehan R, Eaglehouse YL, Schafer G, Venditti EM, Kriska AM. Evaluation of a Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle intervention in older adults: A randomized controlled study in three senior/community centers of varying socioeconomic status.  Diabetes Educator. April 2018. PMID: 29514568.
  • Marshall S, Edidin DV, Arena VC, Becker DJ, Bunker CH, Gishoma C, Gishoma F, LaPorte RE, Kaberuka V, Ogle G, Rubanzana W, Sibomana L, Orchard TJ. Mortality and natural progression of type 1 diabetes patients enrolled in the Rwanda LFAC program from 2004 to 2012. Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries (October–December 2017) 37(4):507–15. DOI 10.1007/s13410-016-0536-z.
  • Eaglehouse YL, Venditti EM, Kramer MK, Arena VC, Vanderwood KK, Rockette-Wagner B, Kriska AM.Factors related to lifestyle goal achievement in a diabetes prevention program dissemination study. Translational Behavioral Medicine. 2017;Apr 10. PMID: 28397158.
  • Eaglehouse YL, Rockette-Wagner B, Kramer MK, Arena VC,  Miller RG, Vanderwood KK, Kriska AM. Physical activity levels in a community lifestyle intervention: A randomized trial. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine. 2016; 1(5): 45-51. PMID: 27551690.
  • Eaglehouse YL, Shafer GL, Arena VC, Kramer MK, Miller RG, Kriska AM. Impact of a community-based lifestyle intervention program on health-related quality of life. Quality of Life Research. 2016;25:1903-1912. PMID:26896960.
  • Hecht Baldauff N, Tfayli H, Dong W, Arena VC, Gurtunca N, Pietropaolo M, Becker DJ, Libman IM. Relationship of adiponectin and leptin with autoimmunity in children with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D): A pilot study. Pediatric Diabetes. 2016 17(4):249-56. ; PMID:25754190. DOI:10.1111/pedi.12267.
  • Eaglehouse YL, Kramer MK, Rockette-Wagner B, Arena VC, Kriska AM. Evaluation of physical activity reporting in community Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle intervention efforts: A systematic review. Prev Med. 2015 Aug;77:191-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.05.023. PMID: 26051204
  • Talbott EO, Arena VC, Rager JR, Clougherty JE, Michanowicz DR, Sharma RK, Stacy SL. Fine particulate matter and the risk of autism spectrum disorder. Environ Res. 2015 May 6;140:414-420. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2015.04.021. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25957837.
  • Willis EA, White D, Shafer A, Wisniewski K, Goss FL, Chiapetta LB, Arena VC, Robertson RJ, Nagle EF. Relation of income and education level with cardiorespiratory fitness. International Journal of Exercise Science. 2015; 8(3):265-276.
  • Kramer MK, Molenaar DM, Arena VC, Venditti E, Meehan R, Miller R, Vanderwood K, Eaglehouse Y, Kriska, AM. Improving employee health: evaluation of a worksite lifestyle change program to decrease risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. J Occup Environ Med. 2015;57(3):284-291.doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000350. PMID:25742535.
  • Marshall SL, Edidin DV, Arena VC, Becker DJ, Bunker CH, Gishoma C, Gishoma F, LaPorte RE, Kaberuka V, Ogle G, Sibomana L, Orchard TJ.  Prevalence and incidence of clinically recognized cases of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents in Rwanda, Africa.  Diabetic Medicine. 2015. DOI:10.1111/dme.12701. PMID:25604893.
  • Marshall SL, Edidin D, Arena VC, Becker DJ, Bunker CH, Gishoma C, Gishoma F, LaPorte RE, Kaberuka V, Ogle G, Sibomana L, Orchard TJ. Glucose control in Rwandan youth with type 1 diabetes following establishment of systematic, HbA1c based care and education. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 2015;107(1):113-122. PMCID:4300260.OI:10.1016/j.diabres.2014.09.045. PMID:25458328.
  • Taradash J, Kramer M, Molenaar D, Arena V, Vanderwood K, Kriska AM. Recruitment for a Diabetes Prevention Program translation effort in a worksite setting. Contemporary clinical trials. 2015;41C:204-210. DOI:10.1016/j.cct.2015.01.010 PMID:25633207.
  • Vanderwood KK, Kramer MK, Miller RG, Arena VC, Venditti EM, Siminerio LM, Kriska AM.Evaluating the impact of a pre-intervention delay on participant's success in a community diabetes prevention effort. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 2015;107(1)194-201. DOI:10.1016/j.diabres.2014.06.003. PMID:25441924.
  • Cedillo M, Libman IM, Arena VC, Zhou L, Trucco M, Ize-Ludlow D, Pietropaolo M, Becker D. Obesity, islet cell autoimmunity and cardiovascular risk factors in youth at onset of type 1 autoimmune diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2015;100(1)E82-6. DOI:10.1210/jc.2014-2340. PMID: 25250632.
  • Buryk MA, Dosch HM, Libman I,  Arena VC, Huang Y, Cheung RK, Trucco M, Pietropaolo M, Becker DJ. Neuronal T-cell autoreactivity is amplified in overweight children with new-onset insulin-requiring diabetes. Diabetes Cares. 2015 January;38(1)43-50. PMCID:4274776. DOI:10.2337/dc14-1861. PMID:25414154.
  • Washington RE, Orchard TJ, Arena VC, LaPorte RE, Secrest A, Tull ES. All-cause mortality in a population-based type 1 diabetes cohort in the U.S. Virgin Islands. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2013.12.014. PMID: 24439208.
  • Berger MA, Shin C, Storti KL, Curb JD, Kriska AM, Arena VC, Choo J, Ueshima H, Okamura T, Miura K, Seto TB, Masaki K, El-Saed A, Sekikawa A. Correlation of a self-report and direct measure of physical activity level in the electron-beam tomography and risk assessment among Japanese and US Men in the post World War II birth cohort (ERA JUMP) study. Journal of Epidemiology. 2013;23(6):411-7. PMCID:3834277.
  • Storti KL, Lawrentz ER, Arena VC, Robertson RJ, Nagle E, Kriska AM. Recall of past activity levels in young adults is predictive of adolescent activity levels.  Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM). 2013;3(3);280-284. doi:10.4236/ojpm.2013.33038.
  • Xiang H, Mertz KJ, Arena VC, Brink LL, Xu X, Bi Y, Talbott EO. Estimation of short-term effects of air pollution on stroke hospital admissions in Wuhan, China. Public Library of Science (PloS). 2013;8(4):e61168. PMCID: PMC3625157.
  • Washington RE, Orchard TJ, Arena VC, LaPorte RE, Tull ES. Incidence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in youth in the U.S. Virgin Islands, 2001-2010. Pediatric Diabetes. 2013 Aug;14(4):280-7. doi 10.1111.
  • Smith HA, Storti KL, Kriska AM, Pettee Gabriel KK, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Hames KC, Arena VC, Conroy MB. Associations between accelerometer-derived physical activity and regional adiposity in young men and women. Obesity. 2013;21(6)1299-305. PMID 3716839.
  • Marshall S, Edidin D, Sharma V, Ogle G, Arena VC, Orchard T. Current clinical status, glucose control and complication rates of children and youth with type 1 diabetes in Rwanda. Pediatric Diabetes. 2013;14(3)217-26. PMID: 23279222.
  • Pintar JA, Storti KL, Arena VC, Robertson RJ, Nagle EF, Kriska AM. What is the role of adolescent body mass index and physical activity on adult health risk behaviors? Open Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2012 Feb;2(1)72-78. DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.21011.

Click for complete list of journal publications

updated 1-12-2022